|| United States
The University of Louisville
(UofL) is answering Kentucky Governor Steve Beshear's call to lead the
state's research efforts in renewable energy research and sustainability
issues. In collaboration with the state, UofL has established the Conn
Center for Renewable Energy Research
at the J.B. Speed School of
The Conn Center
provides leadership, research, support and
policy development in renewable energy; advances the goal of renewable
energy; and promotes technologies, practices, and programs that increase
efficiency for energy utilization in homes, businesses and public buildings.
Product Line Up
Research and Development
The Conn Center
Technical Advisory Board has identified
five core themes for research and development as part of the center's
mission. Each research theme is led by a team leader, a senior research
scientist devoting 100% effort, who will work with faculty and researchers
from various Kentucky academic institutions as well as industry
These Conn Center's five research and development themes are:
- Solar Energy Conversion
- Energy Efficiency & Conservation
- Biofuels/Biomass Conversion
- Renewable Energy Storage
- Advanced Energy Materials Manufacturing
The Conn Center
maintains an Advanced Materials Characterization Service Center as a core
facility for UofL researchers, extramural researchers, and regional industry
Solar Energy Conversion
Solar Energy Conversion R&D efforts
The development of low-cost solar photovoltaics is inherently dependent on
scalable manufacturing practices of the materials and processes involved.
The Conn Center
is establishing a unique, flexible manufacturing R&D line
for developing cost-effective solar cell technologies for large-scale energy
production. Interests include developing various thin film materials and
technologies and demonstrating their ability to be economically manufactured
using the roll-to-roll facility. The University of Louisville has been
actively involved in the development of new materials for third generation
solar cells and is uniquely positioned to scale these technologies. The
facility will develop sustainable manufacturing processes utilizing low
energy techniques with the goal of producing the lowest life cycle cost for
Low cost and scalable solar cell technology:
Low cost, transparent conduction substrates
Low cost organic photovoltaics
Higher efficiency enabled through nanotechnology
Low cost, efficient and stable thin film absorbers
Flexible, roll-to-roll manufacturing R&D:
Thin composite films for conducting substrates
Thick film technology for solar absorbers
Rapid testing of potentially transformative material and device concepts in
a manufacturing environment
Low temperature processing polymer substrates
Scalable, low energy processes for foils
Solar Manufacturing Research and Design Laboratory
Goals - The Solar Manufacturing R&D Lab at the Conn Center
is able to assist
researchers in implementing designs, materials, and processes into scalable
manufacturing platforms with demonstration devices. The facility maintains
the capabilities to design and manufacture large-area solar cells over
multiple platforms, including first and second generation technologies with
an emphasis on the breakthrough of third generation technologies. The
facilities include the capabilities for continuous (roll-to-roll) production
of photovoltaics. The roll-to-roll manufacturing is also adaptable to other
technologies such as electrochromics, OLEDs, thin film batteries, and fuel
cells. The center is capable of incoming quality control and utilizes
materials characterization equipment at the Conn Center
qualification of solar and renewable devices. These abilities allow
collaborations among University of Louisville researchers with fellow
academics and industry partners across Kentucky.
Design - We are capable of assisting researchers in the design of solar
photovoltaics, active and passive fenestration, and thin film flexible
devices. Innovative designs that deviate from flat panels are the focus of
production scale up and are uniquely positioned to address economics,
weathering, constrained spaces, and the personalization of energy.
Materials - We develop vendor relationships required to ensure that the
materials required (conductive glass, plastics) are available for
small-scale production. Researchers are also advised on the costs and
volumes of materials required for roll-to-roll fabrication.
Thin film designs - We can design solar cells as well as components such as
concentrators, light trapping, and anti-reflection coatings using
Small Scale (verification) - We maintain the capabilities to design and
manufacture single cells over multiple platforms, such as crystalline
silicon, thin film crystalline, and organic thin film. These facilities are
used to assist researchers to move their ideas from lab scale to
demonstration. We maintain the equipment to build several types of cells and
emphasize proper environmental health and safety handling of processes.
Mid Scale (continuous) - Beyond the capabilities to manufacture small-scale
solar cells, the Conn Center
focuses on continuous (roll-to-roll)
fabrication of solar cells. This line is dedicated toward low energy
production methods. Our equipment is configured to allow for multiple
deposition techniques as well as development of in-line process control.
This capability allows us to build economic models for large-scale
production. Equipment includes a modular roll-to-roll coating assembly for
coating flexible substrates and is capable of unwind/rewind, deposition, and
curing as well as rapid reconfiguration. In addition, the lab also offers
in-line process control for testing devices and feedback control.
Large Scale (implementation) - The final stage of large area deposition is a
pilot-scale, continuous roll-to-roll coater for moving promising concepts to
real world applications. The center has built relationships with vendors who
can assist with pilot and full production.
Testing and Characterization
Equipment located within the Roll-to-roll Laboratory and throughout the Conn
Center facility is available to characterize the devices built and to
perform performance testing, including long-term exposure studies.
Energy Efficiency & Conservation
The Conn Center
will develop the technologies for cost
effective, zero-energy buildings. Such technology development will bring
Kentucky the tools that our businesses, schools, and residents need to
reduce energy consumption. Toward this initiative, the Conn Center
received funding from E.On to fund an Endowed Chair as the theme leader for
Energy Efficiency and Conservation theme.
Energy Efficiency and Energy Conservation: Research, Development, and
Our goal is to conduct research and development of practical, economical,
and potentially commercializable technologies to improve energy efficiency
and energy conservation. This includes:
- Construction Materials - A significant portion of energy used in
the US, including Kentucky, relates to heating and cooling buildings. In an
effort to reduce energy use, it is proposed that efforts be made to develop
smart materials that use an active envelope to minimize the cooling and
heating loads of buildings. This development will be focused on a holistic
approach aimed at incorporating both structural and envelope functions. The
initial goal of this effort will be to develop materials and assemblies that
can function to support the building loading and incorporate phase change
and other reactive materials. These include materials with variable
conductivity that are designed to minimize the energy needed to maintain a
comfortable indoor environment in Kentucky's mixed climate. The
investigation will focus on conventional materials and systems in an effort
to minimize costs and facilitate acceptance in the construction industry.
Finally, every effort will be made to use low cost, abundant materials to
ensure that these systems are sustainable and economically viable.
- Electrochromic windows/films - Windows add significant loss or gain
of heat due to infrared light transmission. Electrochromic windows or films
that can be attached to the existing windows could significantly reduce
space cooling demand required during hot, sunny days and reduce the heating
demand during sunny winter days.
- Solar heat pipe technology - Solar heat pipe technology can be used
for reducing energy demand in several applications: heating swimming pools,
reducing heating needs for space heating, increasing heat pump efficiencies,
integration into solar water heaters, and providing thermal storage for
homes. If implemented on a wide scale, this technology could reduce overall
energy demand as well as peak demand in both the winter and summer seasons.
- Smart grid/appliance/building for increasing energy efficiency and
enabling peak load leveling or shaving.
- Smart homes/buildings - There is a need for developing
cost-effecting and reliable sensors and control and monitoring systems to
interface the Smart Grid with the HVAC and appliances within residential
homes and commercial buildings. It is also imperative to develop these
sensors and systems to operate at low or minimal power and avoid invasive
and costly wiring retrofitting.
- Smart Grid initiatives for "customer-centric" energy utilization -
Develop and integrate sensors and control systems for enabling customers to
make informed decisions to reduce their energy consumption. There is also a
need to develop technologies for monitoring and controlling faults and
hackers to ensure power quality and grid security.
- Waste heat recovery - Waste heat occurring in process industries
(e.g., power and chemical plants), if recovered, can significantly reduce
overall energy demand. Similarly, these technologies can be integrated into
homes and buildings to reduce peak demand. Such technology can also be
utilized for recovering heat from automobile exhaust heat.
- Distributed and utility-scale energy storage - Cost effective
energy storage technologies at various scales ranging from buildings to
sub-stations to utility scale have a large impact on peak load leveling,
ensuring power quality and integration of intermittent energy sources.
- Technology testing and integration for adaptation for Kentucky
customers - It is our goal to test various potentially commercializable
technologies, which enable energy conservation for Kentucky customers, in
terms of their ability to be integrated with other technologies.
- Energy efficiency auditing and outreach to Kentucky schools and
businesses. This outreach effort will bring awareness to various schools and
businesses about improving energy efficiency and energy conservation through
technology adaption. This effort also focuses on educating work forces for
The Conn Center
is focused on developing technologies for
converting biomass to useful fuels and chemicals. Specifically, the center
is interested in lipid and cellulosic biomass conversions to transportation
fuels and chemicals. Such capabilities will bring Kentucky new private
investors to build plants that process biofuels utilizing our research
expertise and innovations.
Biomass raw material for transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel, and
jet fuels, can be broadly divided into two categories: 1) lignocelluloses
containing carbohydrates, i.e., wood, switchgrass, leaves, rice and wheat
husks, etc.; and 2) lipids containing (mainly) triglyceride esters, i.e.,
vegetable and animal fats and greases, waste oils, algae oils, etc.
Lignocelluloses can be converted to gasoline, diesels, and jet fuels. Due to
their chemical structure of long chain fatty acids, the lipid triglyceride
esters are well suited for processing into fuels such as fatty acid methyl
ester (FAME) biodiesels, "green" diesels, which are a mixture of
hydrocarbons boiling in the diesel range, and bio jet fuels.
Several technical and economic obstacles currently hinder the development of
biofuels from biomass. A key bottleneck is the difficulty in breaking down
and converting the raw cellulose substrate into simple fermentable sugars,
where conversion does not reach or often even approach 100%, even after
several days of reaction time. The process is further complicated by the
desire to work with high solids content to maximize the product
concentration in the fermentable sugar stream, minimize water and energy
use, and minimize capital expenditures for larger reactors. Like many
industrial applications, working with solids suspensions creates challenges
associated with maintaining those solids in suspension as well as other mass
and heat transfer issues. Also, power consumption in conventional reactors
can become prohibitive on an industrial scale.
By integrating state-of-the-art experimental and computational techniques,
we are working to:
- better understand limitations in regard to mass transfer and kinetics of
the biomass processing environment;
- comprehend the impact of solids loading on mixing and associated power
- develop processing strategies to overcome these current limitations; and
- partner with industry to facilitate biofuels and associated economic
development in the region.
Accomplishments to date are associated with the development and/or
improvement of bioprocessing where existing techniques are limited due to
complexities with working media, such as multi-phases, high solids content,
and complex flow fields. By 2011, 3 PhD students and 8 Masters students will
have completed training in this type of biomass processing.
Lipids to Fuels and Chemicals
The conversion of lipid sources into diesels, jet fuels, and chemicals
involves the development of suitable, competitive, and heterogeneous
catalysts that can be utilized for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reactions or
hydrotreatment. Key considerations for these conversions involve determining
the fatty acid compositions of various lipid sources, testing the
effectiveness of basic and acidic catalysts, and resolving post-production
quality issues and distribution challenges. In the US, FAME biodiesels must
conform to the ASTM D6751-09 specifications; however, FAME biodiesels have
NOx cold flow and oxidation/storage stability issues that have not been
fully addressed. Similarly, bio jet fuels must adhere to a very low maximum
freezing point of -47 degrees C, which has also not yet been resolved. In
contrast, "green" diesels possess the advantage of being "drop-in" fuels, as
they do not require any change in the existing petrofuels industry
infrastructure, such as storage, pipeline transport, or delivery.
Researchers at the Conn Center are working to overcome these challenges. We
have developed a process for the production of FAME biodiesels with superior
cold flow properties and innovations in the production of biodiesels, green
diesels, and jet fuels.
Energy Storage R&D efforts
Energy storage is critical to the development and implementation of
renewable energy technologies for providing base load generation. Conn
Center investigates various technologies including batteries and solar fuels
for storage at various energy and power scales. The energy storage research
and development efforts are currently focused on the following areas:
Advanced battery technology for distributed, grid scale, and solar/wind
is developing roll-to-roll manufacturing methodologies for
cost-effective production of large-scale energy storage for solar/wind farms
with 10 MW or higher capacities. This is a non-traditional route for
manufacturing various advanced lithium ion-based technologies, such as
lithium ion rechargeable, lithium-sulfur, and lithium-air batteries. We are
also developing electrode materials, suitable solid-state electrolytes, and
roll-to-roll production methods and facilities.
Electrochemical and photoelectrochemical generation of fuels
In this technological route, we are developing methods to convert
electricity directly into large quantities of suitable chemicals that can be
stored for use as needed either as electricity or heat. Our goal is to make
either hydrogen or hydrocarbon-based fuels using water and carbon dioxide as
feedstocks. Such technologies can be implemented widely if suitable
electrocatalysts can be produced that are durable, require low energy for
kinetics, are cost-effective, and involve abundant earth materials.
Advanced Energy Materials Manufacturing
Discovery of new materials and development of
cost-effective and scalable methods for their manufacturing are the two most
important enabling aspects for advancing most of these renewable and energy
efficiency technologies. The Conn Center
is focused on developing viable
materials and refining their production to meet these criteria. Almost all
of the technological challenges with renewable energy and energy storage
processes are currently due to our inability to discover:
- Suitable materials
- Processes for making and testing theoretically predicted materials
- Processes for scaling up production of materials that show promise in
In this regard, the Conn Center
’s research agenda is comprehensive. Our
interests span from basic- to manufacturing scale research to enable rapid
discovery and development of new materials for various renewable and energy
efficiency applications. These interests are currently focused in the
- Chemistry of synthesis for new materials by design for energy conversion
and storage applications
- Basic research on nucleation and growth mechanisms of crystals and
processes for large-area single crystal quality film growth (Gallium
Nitride-related materials for energy efficiency technologies)
- Process development for bulk production of 1-dimensional nanomaterials and
- Process development for large-area production of vertical nanowire arrays
- Process and product development research requires extensive structural and
optical characterization of the materials and their surfaces. Using our
array of Materials - Characterization equipment and the expertise of our
scientists, engineers, and technologists, we have the capability to qualify
the performance of advanced energy materials developed at UofL, at research
institutions across the state, or by industry partners.
The Conn Center
offers numerous opportunities for high
school and college students to participate in research. We work closely with
groups that have the mission of promoting college education and pre-college
participation in research with short-term goals toward participation in
science fair competitions. These include various high school groups and the
non-profit Lincoln Foundation in Louisville. In addition, the Conn Center
supports numerous research opportunities for students at UofL, including the
UofL Solar Decathlon Team and the Speed School Engineering Expo.
Science Fair mentoring
Several Conn Center
faculty (Sunkara, Cohn, and Sumanasekera) mentor
students from Louisville-area high schools each year who win grand prizes at
Intel Science Fair competitions and also pursue majors in science and
engineering. Every year, these professors also involve about ten high school
students in research. These students spend approximately 4-6 hours per week
in their labs. In addition, Sunkara and his students offer two hour-long
workshops on the fabrication and testing of solar cells to all freshmen in
engineering and Louisville Science Center on its annual “NanoDays”.
The Lincoln Foundation is led by the African-American community in
Louisville; its goal is to help develop successful leaders in K-12 students
by providing year round non-traditional educational programming for
academically talented, economically disadvantaged youth. Each year, about
one dozen 8th grade students join the program. They meet monthly with the
community leaders throughout their 9-12 grades in high school. The Conn
Center faculty regularly visit the Lincoln Scholars, to participate in their
meetings, and to promote careers in science and engineering.
The Conn Center
supports a team of undergraduate students from UofL that
compete in the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon. In this decathlon,
20 collegiate teams design and build energy-efficient houses powered
exclusively by the sun. These teams spend almost two years creating houses
to compete in 10 contests on the National Mall. The winning team produces a
house that is: affordable, attractive, and easy to live in; maintains
comfortable and healthy indoor environmental conditions; supplies energy to
household appliances for cooking, cleaning, and entertainment; provides
adequate hot water; and produces as much or more energy than it consumes.
Engineering Expo at the University of Louisville Speed School of Engineering
celebrates the many facets of the engineering profession. This annual event
hosted by Speed School showcases undergraduate research, pre-engineering
competitions and activities for younger students, guided tours, exhibits,
and the cutting edge research facilities at UofL. E-Expo fosters an
atmosphere of progress and competition in order to promote the exciting
developments of the engineering profession to the public. University of
Louisville undergraduate and graduate students compete in different
divisions of research competitions for a total of $2,500 in awards. High
school students travel to E-Expo from all over in order to compete in design
competitions hosted by the local chapters of professional engineering
societies. The Conn Center
hosts the Mickey R. Wilhelm Solar-powered Flight
UofL offers renewable energy and related courses through the Speed School of
- CHE 694: Energy Challenges, Chemical Engineering. An overview of challenges
for renewable energy technologies, including history and theory, basic science
and technological concepts underlying all of the renewable energy technologies,
including basic concepts involved with thermodynamics of energy conversion and
storage technologies, solid state physics concepts for materials, passive and
active solar, solar fuels, energy storage, and biofuels. The students are
required to design and demonstrate systems incorporating the concepts learned in
- ME 570: Sustainable Energy Systems, Mechanical Engineering. Analysis and
design of sustainable energy systems, and exploration of concepts such as carbon
capture and sequestration for making traditional energy systems more
- ECE 500: Renewable Energy, Electrical and Computer Engineering. This course
explores renewable energy systems, including biomass, solar, wind, and hydro
technologies, primarily for electrical power generation along with environmental
and economic impacts. Use of power generation methods in home-based systems,
interfacing with the national power grid, energy storage systems, and concepts
of intelligent power grid technologies, e.g. Smart Grid, will also be explored
as related to renewable energy technologies.
Advanced Materials Characterization Service Center
The mission of the Advanced Materials Characterization Service Center is to
enable research and education on advanced materials science and engineering
within Conn Center and University of Louisville with potential benefits to
the global community, and support the growth of regional industry through
advanced materials science and engineering.
The Conn Center Materials Characterization Facility maintains a
comprehensive capability for characterizing both inorganic and soft
materials using a variety of microscopy, spectroscopy, and diffraction
tools. Over a period of more than 10 years, the lab's comprehensive facility
has been acquired using support from a variety of sources such as local
industry, the Commonwealth of Kentucky, and infrastructure grants from
several federal agencies such as the US Army, National Science Foundation
(NSF), and the US Department of Energy (DOE). One of the goals of the Conn
Center is to maintain this comprehensive laboratory as a core facility for
UofL researchers, extramural researchers from across the state, and regional
industry users. To accomplish this goal, a University-Industry Service
Center was established for facilitating industry interactions with the Conn
Services & Facilities
The Conn Center's core facilities that can be accessed through the service
center include (a) a comprehensive array of equipment for characterizing both
inorganic and soft materials using a variety of microscopy, spectroscopy and
diffraction tools; (b) ultrafast, transient spectroscopy facilities for
analyzing electron transfer processes at femtosecond time scale resolution; and
(c) fabrication and test facilities for various energy conversion and storage
devices such as biomass to biofuels, proton exchange membrane fuel cells, dye,
organic and thin film solar cells, and lithium ion batteries.
For more information, contact the facility coordinator, Ms. Rodica McCoy, by
phone at 502-852-6348 or by e-mail.
The Service Center contains the following tools and techniques:
- the set of equipment (DSC, TGA, TMA) allows to measure
basic thermal properties of various materials.
- The state-of-the-art electron microscopes are
becoming as the necessary tools for quality control (QC) during nanomaterials
synthesis and development. The instruments in at the Material Characterization
Laboratory of The Conn Center are capable of achieving an image resolution of
0.24 nm and spectroscopic resolution of 0.8eV. These instruments include a
200-kV field-emission transmission electron microscope, a field-emission
scanning electron microscope, and a tungsten filament scanning electron
microscope. The electron microscopes along with several accessories such as
energy filtered imaging and 3-D chemical tomography allow one to perform various
experiments critical to nanoscale science and technology, catalysis, advanced
materials science & engineering and structural biology. These experiments
include structural characterization and property analysis at an atomic scale.
- Our UHV system includes XPS and Auger spectoscopy for
chemical identification and composition quantification as well as UPS technique
for the electronic structure characterization.
- The facility offers comprehensive optical
characterization of materials.
- A line of equipment for sample preparation geared
- crystallography and phase identification are
provided with the use our X-Ray Diffractometers.
Energy Conversion Testing
Mass Biofuel Conversion Testing
- most of the basic properties of biofuels
such as freezing point, acidity, and viscosity can be tested.
Solar Cell Testing -
complete testing of dye sensitized solar cells.
Lithium Battery Prototyping & Testing
- fabrication and comprehensive
characterization of lithium batteries.
J.B. Speed School of Engineering
Scientific School was established in 1925 as a result of an endowment from
the James Breckenridge Speed Foundation, a memorial to the late James
Breckenridge Speed created by his son and daughter, Dr. William S. Speed and
Mrs. Olive Speed Sackett of Louisville. The income from this endowment is
used exclusively as a supplementary means of support of the activities for
- To provide career information about engineering and encourage
pre-college minority youth to continue their studies in math and
- To recruit students from diverse populations for majors in
- To provide academic and “networking” support for currently enrolled
minority engineering students.
- To assist in retention by maintaining a Minority Engineering Study
More Renewable Energy Research & Programs at UofL
Kentucky Pollution Prevention Center
KPPC is Kentucky's primary resource to help business,
industries and other organizations develop environmentally sustainable,
cost-saving solutions for improved efficiency.
KPPC is based at the University of Louisville J.B. Speed School of
Through the Environmental Sustainability Program, KPPC engineers provide
customized services, helping clients lower operating costs by eliminating
waste at its source, and addressing energy and water efficiency issues, as
well as a variety of other environmental challenges. The Center offers
on-site assessments and opportunity identification, training, workshops and
Over its 15 years of service to Kentucky, KPPC has identified approximately
$13 million in potential savings for its clients.
KPPC's services are free, confidential and non-regulatory.
The University of Louisville is committed to integrating
sustainability into everything we do - from how we manage our facilities,
finances and people to what we teach in the classroom and what we research
in the lab.
Our vision is to create a university that is itself a living laboratory for
sustainability and a campus community that leads by example and educates as
much by what we do as by what we say.
Our goal is to make decisions which reflect a balanced consideration for
environmental, social and economic responsibility and to continually learn
as we go.
Creating a more sustainable UofL is a dynamic, multi-faceted, long-term
process. We've come a long way and we have a long way to go...but, yes, it's
Tackling research questions vital to a more sustainable future.
The Sustainability Council envisions the University of Louisville as a
living laboratory of sustainability. This means that faculty and students
from all disciplines have the opportunity to study the environmental, social
and economic challenges to sustainability that exist right here on campus
and in our community... and to research solutions that make sense here.
Renewable Energy Applications Laboratory
Because fossil fuel resources are limited and contribute
to global climate change, the world is beginning an unavoidable transition
toward renewable energy. Renewable Energy Applications Laboratory
(REAL) is dedicated to the development of technology to make this transition
possible, and to outreach to encourage widespread adoption of sustainable
The mission of this center is to conduct research, development and outreach
on renewable energy systems. Current projects are focused on active and
passive solar heating, photovoltaics, solar daylighting and novel systems
for storage of solar energy.
Research projects include computer simulations and experiments with a
passive solar heating system that uses heat pipes to transfer heat into the
building, while avoiding losses during nighttime and cloudy days. This
system has proven to be roughly twice as effective as conventional passive
solar systems in moderate climates such as Kentucky. Computer simulations
are also underway to evaluate the feasibility of thermochemical storage of
solar energy for electric power systems.
Micro/Nano Technology Center
More than 40 research scientists and engineers from
diverse disciplines have come together in a new 106,000 square foot research
facility on the University of Louisville's main campus.
Several multi-million dollar grants from federal agencies support the
research carried out in the new Research Center including grants from the
National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, the
Department of Defense and the National Aeronautic and Space Administration.
The Research Center is home to the Commonwealth's largest
controlled-environment “core” facility needed for the fabrication of
miniature devices. This "cleanroom" allows UofL researchers to use a wide
range of equipment to fabricate, package, and test various microelectronic
devices and circuits. The expanded cleanroom is a catalyst for start-up
businesses and has had a positive impact on the economy of the Commonwealth.
Other key facilities within the structure are biological, chemical and
engineering research laboratories, conference and “break” rooms and a
multipurpose 100-seat capacity area with audio-visual capabilities.
Kentucky Institute for the Environment and Sustainable
KIESD, formed by the University of Louisville in 1992,
provides the general public and the research community statewide with the
tools and the space to work towards a brighter future. This site will
provide you access to the most up-to-date articles and research related to
Kentucky's most serious environmental issues and what is being done to
address them, as well as information about sustainable development. This
site will provide you with an opportunity to get involved in the Institute's
exciting work, become more informed and contact staff with questions.
Office of Business Affairs - Sustainable Operations
The Vice President for Business Affairs is committed to
fostering leadership in the area of sustainability. Vice President Larry
Owsley chairs the Sustainable Operations Committee of the Sustainability
Council and works with university operations units to improve sustainable
operations including such areas as local foods, energy management and LEED